Oil & Iron
The collection consists of an Ashland Coal and Iron Railway Company mines ledger which records company accounts of miner's wages, staff salaries, coal sales, rent, and supplies and equipment.
Walter S. Harkins, Sr. (1857-1920) was a lawyer and entrepreneur active during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in Floyd County, Kentucky. By the 1920s his sons, Walter S. Harkins, Jr. (1898-1936) and Joseph Davidson Harkins were practicing in the Harkins law firm and also participating in the development of coal and gas in eastern Kentucky. Materials primarily include business papers, including a large amount of the correspondence and case files relating to legal cases handled by the Harkins and Harkins law firm. This collection was arranged and described as part of the Arranging and Describing Archives Related to Appalachian History and Culture, a "We the People" NEH grant, and was digitized as part of the NEH-funded Coal, Camps, and Railroads grant.
Willard Jillson was a historian and a geologist who was born on May 28, 1890 in Syracuse, New York. He taught geology at the University of Kentucky in 1918 and then served as the Kentucky State Geologist from 1919 to 1932. After retiring in 1932, Jillson continued to write books, and serve as a consultant for coal, oil, and gas companies. He also taught geology at Translyvania University from 1947 to 1951. The Willard Jillson Geology of Union Co. manuscript collection contains two proofs as well as four copies of the manuscript itself. There is a first draft (with author/editor notes) manuscript, two printer's manuscripts (one with annotations), and an original handwritten manuscript.
Willard Rouse Jillson Geology of the Pitman Oil Pool in Kentucky manuscript contains three copies of Jillson's work. The copies include a preliminary draft, with original photographs, a copy of page proofs and a printers copy. The work contains geological and historical documentation of the Pitman Oil Pool in Greene County, Kentucky.
The Kentucky Union Land Company (KULC) was a subsidiary of the Kentucky Union Railway Company and was responsible primarily for conducting surveys, purchasing lands through which the railway would run, and securing the right of way for the railway. The Kentucky Union Railway line eventually crossed over 500,000 acres of valuable coal, iron, and timber lands, lying mostly in the eastern Kentucky counties of Breathitt, Perry, and Letcher. This collection has been digitized as part of the NEH-funded Coal, Camps, & Railroads grant and is available on ExploreUK.
The Henry Clay McDowell papers (part of the Henry Clay Memorial Foundation records), include correspondence and legal and financial records that document McDowell’s development of the Big Stone Gap, Wise County, Virginia, and the Kentucky Union Land Company, the parent company of the Kentucky Union Railroad. The papers have been digitized as part of the NEH-funded Coal, Camps, & Railroads grant and is available on ExploreUK.
The Means family played a dominant role in the development of the iron industry in the Hanging Fork region of southern Ohio and in eastern Kentucky. They also played a prominent part in the development of both river and rail transportation in the area and in the formation of Ashland, Kentucky as an industrial city. These papers include both personal and business-related correspondence, financial records, legal documents, memorabilia, newspaper clippings, journals, scrapbooks, and photographs. This collection was arranged and described as part of the Arranging and Describing Archives Related to Appalachian History and Culture, a "We the People" NEH grant. The Means family papers have been digitized as part of the NEH-funded Coal, Camps, & Railroads grant and is available on ExploreUK.
These papers contain the office files of Thruston B. Morton for the years he served in the U.S. Senate and as Chairman of the Republican National Committee. The papers are primarily composed of correspondence divided into subgroups and series, including county constituency files, Kentucky miscellaneous, political (RNC series), letters from VIP's, a federal agency constituent file, a legislative file, files devoted to agriculture and public works. Also present are photographs, political cartoons and oral histories about Morton with his relatives, staff and fellow Senators.
Professor of Engineering Drawing at the University of Kentucky for 49 years, Louis Edward Nollau was also a prolific photographer. Because of his interest in photography and the college, Nollau was the first "official" campus photographer. Search for keywords such as "iron," "Appalachia," and "oil." This collection has been digitized and is available on ExploreUK.
The Charles J. Norwood papers contain notes, writings, scrapbooks, and photographs related to Norwood's work in the field of geology, 1861-1918.
The Old American Well collection contains information documenting the first commercially operated oil well in the United States. The materials were gathered by Mrs. Curtis McGee as part of an effort to commemorate the discovery of the well. There are letters concerning the centennial celebration in 1929 and the installation of a historical marker in 1934, magazine articles on the history of the well, and some photographs of the area.
These materials relate to the Tacony Oil Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and its exploration for oil in Lawrence County, Kentucky and Burning Springs, West Virginia. The materials were previously arranged together as a scrapbook, but have been disassembled with the papers left in their original order. The collection is mostly comprised of correspondence, much of which has been transcribed, but there are also some legal, financial, and business papers. This collection was digitized as part of the NEH-funded Coal, Camps, and Railroads grant and is available on ExploreUK.